How Final Fantasy VII radicalized a generation of climate warriors

Feds list the top 30 most exploited vulnerabilities. Many are years old

Feds list the top 30 most exploited vulnerabilities. Many are years old

Enlarge (credit: Getty Images)

Government officials in the US, UK, and Australia are urging public- and private-sector organizations to secure their networks by ensuring firewalls, VPNs, and other network-perimeter devices are patched against the most widespread exploits.

In a joint advisory published Wednesday, the US FBI and CISA (Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency), the Australian Cyber Security Center, and the UK’s National Cyber Security Center listed the top 30 or so most exploited vulnerabilities. The vulnerabilities reside in a host of devices or software marketed by the likes of Citrix, Pulse Secure, Microsoft, and Fortinet.

“Cyber actors continue to exploit publicly known—and often dated—software vulnerabilities against broad target sets, including public and private sector organizations worldwide,” the advisory stated. “However, entities worldwide can mitigate the vulnerabilities listed in this report by applying the available patches to their systems and implementing a centralized patch management system.”

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Source: Ars Technica – Feds list the top 30 most exploited vulnerabilities. Many are years old

Seven-Eleven Buys Speedway

Akihabara News (Tokyo) — Seven & i Holdings, the Japanese operator of the Seven-Eleven chain, gained approval last month from the Federal Trade Commission (FTA) to buy Speedway, a US convenience store chain formerly owned by US oil refiner Marathon Petroleum, after addressing a number of anti-trust concerns.

In August last year, Seven & i Holdings first announced that it intended buy Speedway for US$21 billion at the beginning of new year. However, in March it revealed that it had to delay its purchase of Speedway due an FTA review.

By May, Marathon Petroleum and Seven & i Holdings announced that they had closed the US$21 billion deal.

However, two FTC officials related to the US Democratic Party, former Acting Chair Rebecca Slaughter and Commissioner Rohit Chopra, deemed the transaction as illegal on anti-trust grounds. The Republican Party commissioners disagreed, and due to one seat being vacant, the FTC was split 2-2.

In June, Lina Khan was appointed chair, allowing the FTC to function normally once again.

On May 17, Seven & i Holdings issued a press release in which it said Seven-Eleven and the FTC had reached an agreement to resolve concerns relating to Seven-Eleven’s 293 fuel outlets.

Last month, the FTC confirmed that it had agreed to the deal, provided that all the stores, including both Speedway and Seven-Eleven convenience stores, include gas stations in twenty states as specified by the FTC.

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IR Firms Sweeten the Pot for Nagasaki

Akihabara News (Tokyo) — Three would-be casino consortiums remain in the contest to become Nagasaki Prefecture’s partner to potentially build an Integrated Resort (IR) at the Huis Ten Bosch theme park in Sasebo, and some of them are trying to sweeten the pot in the run-up to the final selection.

The current schedule calls for the prefecture to choose its consortium partner next month, and three remain in the race.

Casinos Austria International, a government-backed company based in Vienna, has remained very quiet in public about the nature of its Nagasaki bid, in contrast to its competitors.

Niki Chyau Fwu (Parkview) Group is a Taiwan-Japan consortium which was a latecomer to the IR race in Japan, but has become one of the most active in recent months. When they announced their bid in January, they stated, “We will propose to build a Super Smart Community that makes full use of cutting edge technology, centered on an IR in Sasebo city, and spreading to Omura Bay.”

Oshidori International Development, which has also been quite active, is based on a Hong Kong-listed investment company. It has partnered with Mohegan Gaming & Entertainment, a Native American tribal casino firm based in Connecticut, which is also building a major IR in Incheon, South Korea.

In the latest round of sweeteners announced this week, both the Niki Chyau Fwu consortium and the Oshidori consortium have made additional moves.

Niki Chyau Fwu’s move was by far the bigger of the two. It announced that it had reached an agreement with ESR, a Hong Kong-listed company, providing that—should its bid be selected and the Huis Ten Bosch IR licensed by the central government—it would, in addition to its planned US$3.5 billion investment to build the casino resort, also bring in an external investment of US$1 billion to build a data and logistics center to Nagasaki Prefecture. This data center initiative alone would be expected to create about 8,000 new jobs for the community.

Stuart Gibson, co-founder and co-CEO of ESR, commented, “The Niki Chyau Fwu (Parkview) Group’s IR concept and its consortium team are truly amazing. This development will create recreation, hospitality, and cultural facilities in Nagasaki, making it a center of global tourism. It will become a destination tourism site. This is a perfect match for our business, and if they are licensed and proceed with the development, we promise that there will be, in the 21st century, an advanced recreation area, including the data center, near the IR development area.”

The Oshidori consortium has been focusing more of its attention on building positive community relations.

The Kyushu Oshidori Children’s Foundation was established in 2019 and owns approximately 18.8% of the share capital of Oshidori International Holdings. Last July, the Foundation donated ¥20 million (US$180,000) to Akai Hane (Nagasaki Community Chest Association & Social Welfare Corporation) to support flood relief efforts. This year it donated ¥10 million (US$90,000) to seven child welfare institutions in Nagasaki as part of a Children’s Day initiative.

Moreover, in February, Oshidori formed an official partnership agreement with V-Varen Nagasaki, a Japanese J2 League football club.

In its latest move announced this week, Oshidori, in partnership with the Nagasaki Bus Tourism Development Promotion Fund, invited seventeen local students on a tour to discover the rich history of Nagasaki.

Oshidori International Development Chief Operating Officer Keigo Nakatani stated, “We are pleased to provide children who will lead the future of Nagasaki with some time to learn more about the area in which they live. I am convinced that this opportunity to develop a feeling of familiarity and attachment to their hometown and to talk about the future of Nagasaki with friends will surely lead to a better future for both the children and Nagasaki.”

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Source: Akihabara News – IR Firms Sweeten the Pot for Nagasaki

Missouri AG wages war on masks as state blazes with delta cases

A man in a suit speaks in front of a Neoclassical building.

Enlarge / Eric Schmitt, Missouri Attorney General. (credit: Getty | Bloomberg)

Missouri has been one of the hardest-hit states so far in these early days of a delta-fueled COVID-19 surge. Cases increased nearly 500 percent since the start of July, while vaccinations stalled. Right now, with just 41 percent of the state fully vaccinated, 112 of the state’s 114 counties have high or substantial levels of coronavirus spread. Hospitalizations are up statewide, and some facilities have already run out of ventilators and seen intensive care units hit maximum capacity. Deaths are also increasing, with more than 300 people losing their lives this month since July 1. And the proportion of COVID-19 tests coming back positive is still rising, suggesting that things will likely only get worse in the weeks to come.

By nearly every metric, this entirely preventable surge is tragic. Yet, it hasn’t stopped the Show Me State’s Republican attorney general, Eric Schmitt, from waging war on local health restrictions aimed at trying to curb transmission. On Monday, Schmitt filed a lawsuit to stop St. Louis County and St. Louis City from enforcing mask mandates for fully vaccinated people and children, which took effect that day.

The timing of the lawsuit is awkward. It partly rests on now-outdated guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that fully vaccinated people didn’t need to wear masks in most indoor settings. “The Mask Mandates are arbitrary and capricious because they require vaccinated individuals to wear masks, despite the CDC guidance that this is not necessary,” the lawsuit claims. The rest of the lawsuit didn’t argue that masks were ineffective at curbing transmission but rather claimed that they were unnecessary for children—despite that they are largely ineligible for vaccinations—and that requiring them is “unconstitutional.” Otherwise, the lawsuit nitpicked language of the mandates, such as alleging that they didn’t define the word “dwelling.”

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Source: Ars Technica – Missouri AG wages war on masks as state blazes with delta cases

Biden says he has deal to lower Internet prices, but the details will matter

President Joe Biden speaking in front of a podium at a Mack Truck facility.

Enlarge / President Joe Biden speaks at Mack Truck Lehigh Valley Operations on July 28, 2021, in Macungie, Pennsylvania. (credit: Getty Images | Michael M. Santiago)

A bipartisan infrastructure deal will provide $65 billion for broadband deployment and require ISPs that receive funding “to offer a low-cost affordable plan,” the White House said today.

President Joe Biden pledged early in his term to lower Internet prices, and this appears to be the first tangible result—although it will only affect ISPs that take the new funding, and the White House didn’t release key details about the affordable Internet plans. A White House fact sheet on the $550 billion infrastructure deal with senators included two paragraphs summarizing the broadband portions:

[M]ore than 30 million Americans live in areas where there is no broadband infrastructure that provides minimally acceptable speeds—a particular problem in rural communities throughout the country. The deal’s $65 billion investment ensures every American has access to reliable high-speed Internet with a historic investment in broadband infrastructure deployment, just as the federal government made a historic effort to provide electricity to every American nearly one hundred years ago.

The bill will also help lower prices for Internet service by requiring funding recipients to offer a low-cost affordable plan, by creating price transparency and helping families comparison shop, and by boosting competition in areas where existing providers aren’t providing adequate service. It will also help close the digital divide by passing the Digital Equity Act, ending digital redlining, and creating a permanent program to help more low-income households access the Internet.

“Low-cost” definition not released yet

The announcement didn’t say what speeds or prices will have to be offered by government-funded ISPs in the required low-cost plans. It also didn’t say whether those low-cost plans would be available to all customers or only those who meet certain income requirements.

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Source: Ars Technica – Biden says he has deal to lower Internet prices, but the details will matter

Historian recreates Thomas Cromwell’s London mansion in exquisite detail

Artist's reconstruction of Thomas Cromwell's mansion on Throgmorton Street in 1539, London, England.

Enlarge / Artist’s reconstruction of Thomas Cromwell’s mansion on Throgmorton Street in 1539, London, England. (credit: Peter Urmston)

Tudor England was a treacherous place for ambitious courtiers, as the steady rise and sudden tragic fall of Thomas Cromwell—one of the chief architects of the English Reformation under King Henry VIII—makes clear. Cromwell had just completed work on a magnificent private mansion in London when he fell out of the king’s favor and was summarily beheaded. Now, a British historian has produced the most detailed analysis yet of both that mansion and the townhouse in which Cromwell lived prior to its completion, presented in a new paper published in the Journal of the British Archaeological Association.

“These two houses were the homes of this great man; they were the places where he lived with his wife and two daughters, where his son grew up,” said Nick Holder, a historian and research fellow at English Heritage and the University of Exeter, who authored the new paper. “It was also the place he went back to at night after being with Henry VIII at court and just got on with the hard graft of running the country. No one else has looked at these two houses in quite as much detail, comparing all the available evidence. This is about as close as you are going to get to walking down these 16th-century corridors.”

There was a time when historians considered Thomas Cromwell to be a rather insignificant court figure during Henry VIII’s reign. That view began to shift in the 1950s as historians realized just how much Cromwell may have influenced the king and Parliament during a particularly chaotic period in British history. Much of that chaos, it must be said, stemmed from the monarch’s impetuous nature, particularly when it came to wives.

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Source: Ars Technica – Historian recreates Thomas Cromwell’s London mansion in exquisite detail

Apple, AMD, and Intel shift priorities as chip shortages continue

Cartoon hands reach for a cartoon computer processor being dangled above them.

Enlarge / Sure, it’s cheaply produced clip art… but it’s also a disturbingly accurate picture of the current state of supply and demand in the semiconductor product market. (credit: tommy via Getty Images)

2021’s infamous chip shortages aren’t only affecting automakers. In a post-earnings conference call Tuesday, Apple CEO Tim Cook said, “We’ll do everything we can to mitigate whatever circumstances we’re dealt”—a statement that likely means the company will ration its chip supplies, prioritizing the most profitable and in-demand items such as iPhones and AirPods, at the expense of less profitable and lower-demand items.

CFRA analyst Angelo Zino told Reuters that Cook’s somewhat cryptic statement “largely reflects the timing of new product releases”—specifically, new iPhone releases in September. Counterpoint Research Director Jeff Fieldhack speculates from the flip side of the same coin, saying the company will likely direct supply chain “pain” to its least lucrative products. “Assuming Apple prioritizes the iPhone 12 family, it probably affects iPads, Macs, and older iPhones more,” Fieldhack said.

Processor manufacturer AMD has also been carefully managing its supply chain in response to pandemic-induced shortages. With flagship products that finally outperform rival Intel’s, AMD is focusing on the more profitable high end of the market while leaving the economy segment—until a few years ago, its strongest performer—to Intel. “We’re focusing on the most strategic segments of the PC market,” CEO Lisa Su told investors on a conference call.

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Source: Ars Technica – Apple, AMD, and Intel shift priorities as chip shortages continue

Microsoft Flight Simulator’s new PC boosts: Yes, the VR mode is finally good

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Source: Ars Technica – Microsoft Flight Simulator’s new PC boosts: Yes, the VR mode is finally good

eBay manager imprisoned for harassment of journalists the CEO wanted to “take down”

A person's hand inserting a key into the lock on a jail-cell door.

Enlarge (credit: Getty Images | Charles O’Rear)

A former eBay security manager who pleaded guilty for his role in a cyberstalking conspiracy was sentenced to 18 months in prison yesterday.

Philip Cooke, former senior manager of security operations for eBay’s Global Security Team, pleaded guilty in October 2020 to one count of conspiracy to commit cyberstalking and one count of conspiracy to commit witness tampering. He was sentenced to 18 months in federal prison on each charge, with the two sentences to be served concurrently, according to an order issued in US District Court for the District of Massachusetts. He was also fined $15,000 and sentenced to supervised release of three years after he gets out of prison.

The Department of Justice alleged that in 2019, Cooke helped plan and attempt to cover up the stalking of Ina and David Steiner of Natick, Massachusetts, who run the news website EcommerceBytes. Cooke was one of seven eBay employees accused of harassment involving sending threatening messages and deliveries of live cockroaches, a funeral wreath, and a bloody pig mask to the couple’s home. Several conspirators allegedly traveled from California to Massachusetts to conduct surveillance on the couple, but Cooke was not among them. Cooke wasn’t included in the initial charges filed in June 2020 but was charged a few weeks later.

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Source: Ars Technica – eBay manager imprisoned for harassment of journalists the CEO wanted to “take down”

Here’s what that Google Drive “security update” message means

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Source: Ars Technica – Here’s what that Google Drive “security update” message means

Biden warns cyber attacks could lead to a “real shooting war”

Men in suits and uniforms sit on one side of a long, curved table.

Enlarge / US President Joe Biden, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo attend a plenary session of a NATO summit at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Brussels, on June 14, 2021. (credit: Laurie Dieffembacq | Getty Images)

President Joe Biden has warned that cyberattacks could escalate into a full-blown war as tensions with Russia and China mounted over a series of hacking incidents targeting US government agencies, companies, and infrastructure.

Biden said on Tuesday that cyber threats including ransomware attacks “increasingly are able to cause damage and disruption in the real world.”

“If we end up in a war, a real shooting war with a major power, it’s going to be as a consequence of a cyber breach,” the president said in a speech at the Office for the Director of National Intelligence, which oversees 18 US intelligence agencies.

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Source: Ars Technica – Biden warns cyber attacks could lead to a “real shooting war”

A global index to track the health of tropical rainforests

Image of a forest valley.

Enlarge (credit: Howard Kingsnorth / Getty Images)

We’ve known for decades that tropical rainforests are special. They’re nearly unrivaled in biodiversity, and research has shown that they absorb more carbon dioxide than any other ecosystem. A recent study showed that the tropics sequester four times as much carbon dioxide as temperate and boreal ecosystems combined—and several studies have estimated that all terrestrial ecosystems combined sequester as much as 30 percent of the total carbon dioxide in the atmosphere each year.

We’ve also known for decades that these ecosystems are at risk of vanishing. As much as 20 percent of tropical rainforests have been cleared in the last 30 years, with an additional 10 percent lost to degradation. Beyond these direct threats, forests worldwide, and especially rainforests, are experiencing severe losses due to climate change—notably higher temperatures and drought.

Until now, there haven’t been means to systematically keep tabs on the health of these critical ecosystems. But a collaboration of nearly 50 institutions has recently developed a comprehensive index to measure the health and vulnerability of all tropical rainforests around the world. The result is a potential warning system that allows scientists and policymakers to monitor and prioritize which forests are at the highest risk of irreversible damage and loss.

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Source: Ars Technica – A global index to track the health of tropical rainforests

Facebook’s metaverse gambit is a distraction from its deep-seated problems

Mark Zuckerberg demonstrates an Oculus Rift headset at a 2016 event.

Enlarge / Mark Zuckerberg demonstrates an Oculus Rift headset at a 2016 event. (credit: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

Facebook mastered social media by giving people an easy way to share their offline lives with friends, family, and complete strangers on the Internet. So why is the company now trying to invent a virtual universe that effectively turns its back on reality?

Over the past week, the social media company has blitzed media outlets with news about its “metaverse” initiative, a plan to create virtual worlds where people can interact to play games, have meetings, and so on. Last week, CEO Mark Zuckerberg shared his metaverse plans with the public in an interview with The Verge. Then, earlier this week, Facebook announced that it would be putting together a metaverse team staffed with a handful of longtime VPs.

It’s clear that Zuckerberg has been thinking about this metaverse idea for a while. But the timing of Facebook’s announcement is interesting, to say the least. Facebook has “a history of doing these kinds of technical projects that look like they might be revolutionary at times when they’re being criticized for their lack of social responsibility,” Jen Goldbeck, a computer scientist and professor at the University of Maryland, told Ars.

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Source: Ars Technica – Facebook’s metaverse gambit is a distraction from its deep-seated problems

Kotick apologizes for “tone deaf” response, promises action following lawsuit

Activision Blizzard CEO Bobby Kotick.

Enlarge / Activision Blizzard CEO Bobby Kotick. (credit: Flickr / bobby-kotick)

Ahead of Wednesday’s planned “Walkout for Equality” among Activision Blizzard employees, CEO Bobby Kotick has issued a new statement criticizing the company’s initial response as “tone deaf” and promising immediate and ongoing action on some issues raised by employees.

After acknowledging what he called a “difficult and upsetting week,” Kotick praised the “courage” of employees who have come together so far. “We will do a better job of listening now and in the future,” Kotick said. “It is imperative that we acknowledge all perspectives and experiences and respect the feelings of those who have been mistreated in any way. I am sorry that we did not provide the right empathy and understanding.”

As part of a commitment to “long-lasting change,” Kotick said the company will be taking the following actions immediately:

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Rocket Lab not yet close to profitability, proxy statement reveals

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Source: Ars Technica – Rocket Lab not yet close to profitability, proxy statement reveals

Haron and BlackMatter are the latest groups to crash the ransomware party

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Source: Ars Technica – Haron and BlackMatter are the latest groups to crash the ransomware party

Melco “Remains Committed” to Yokohama IR Bid

Akihabara News (Tokyo) — Melco Resorts & Entertainment Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Lawrence Ho used the opportunity of a corporate earnings call to again assert his Macau-based firm’s interest in building an Integrated Resort (IR) including a casino at Yamashita Pier in Yokohama.

“We remain committed to bringing a world-leading Integrated Resort there and continue to pursue opportunities within the market where we remain actively engaged with our partners,” Ho stated.

He added, “The development of the Integrated Resort industry in Japan has continued to move forward. We remain convinced that Japan represents the best potential new gaming market globally and that the quality of our assets and our focus on premium segment is a great fit for the country’s tourism development. We remain patient and continue to maintain our disciplined approach with respect to all development activities, including in Japan.”

When asked about the August 22 mayoral election in which many candidates oppose IR development, Ho responded, “We’re guests and visitors of the country… In terms of something as important as mayor election or political positions, is certainly… we were we just need to continue to be respectful to the market and really do the best that we can and not worry too much about things that are completely outside of our control.”

Melco is one of only two international firms that remain in the Yokohama IR race, and most observers put it in the underdog category. If the IR initiative survives the mayoral election and moves forward as planned, its rival Genting Singapore-Sega Sammy Holdings consortium is tipped to have the advantage.

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Mergers, twists, and pentagons: the architecture of honeycombs

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Source: Ars Technica – Mergers, twists, and pentagons: the architecture of honeycombs

Apple reports a 50% year-over-year jump in iPhone sales

Enormous, circular complex surrounded by suburban sprawl.

Enlarge / The Apple Park campus stands in this aerial photograph taken above Cupertino in October 2019. (credit: Sam Hall/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

In what is usually one of its slowest growth quarters in a given year, Apple today reported a nearly 50 percent year-over-year increase in iPhone sales, among other positive numbers that beat analyst expectations. The numbers were published today as part of Apple’s quarterly earnings report.

Overall, Apple saw $81.41 billion in revenue in Q3 of 2021, up 36 percent year-over-year. iPhone revenue was $39.57 billion (up 49.78 percent), and services raked in $17.48 billion (up 33 percent).

The Mac and iPad also grew, albeit by a smaller amount. The Mac generated $8.24 billion, up 16 percent over last year, while the iPad came in at $7.37 billion and 12 percent.

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Source: Ars Technica – Apple reports a 50% year-over-year jump in iPhone sales